U.S. births drive population growth as immigration stalls
Between 1980 and 2000, immigration was the main driver of Latino population growth. However since 2000, the primary source of growth has swung from immigration to native births, as the U.S.-born Latino population grew faster than the Latino immigrant population. As a result, the share of foreign-born Latinos was 35.5% in 2012, down from about 40% earlier in the 2000s.
These opposing trends-the rise of the U.S.-born and the slowdown in immigrant population growth-have begun to reshape the adult Hispanic population. Just as the slowdown in immigration has occurred, the number of U.S.-born Hispanics entering adulthood is beginning to accelerate. Today, some 800,000 young U.S.-born Hispanics enter adulthood each year, but in the coming decades, that number will rise to more than a million annually.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It does not take policy positions. Its Hispanic Trends Project, founded in 2001, seeks to improve understanding of the U.S. Hispanic population and to chronicle Latinos’ growing impact on the nation.
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