Latin America’s Electoral Agenda for 2022

2022 is a big political year for Latin America. After presidential elections in Chile later this year, we will see further elections in Colombia and Brazil. 

Electoral panorama in Latin America

Costa Rica (02/06/2022)

General elections are scheduled to be held in Costa Rica on Sunday, 6 February 2022, in accordance with the Constitution of Costa Rica, to elect the president, two vice-presidents, and all 57 deputies of the Legislative Assembly. If none of the presidential nominees obtains at least 40% of the votes, a second electoral round will be held on Sunday, 3 April 2022, between the two candidates who have obtained the most votes. These will be the eighteenth election of this type to be held in the country since the current Constitution was put in force.

Colombia Parliamentary Election (03/13/2022)

Of the 166 members of the House of Representatives, 162 are elected by proportional representation from 33 multi-member constituencies based on the departments, with seats allocated using the largest remainder method. Two members are elected by Afro-Colombian community, one by indigenous community, and one by Colombian expatriates.

Colombia Presidential Election (05/29/2022)

Colombian presidents are elected for four-year terms using a two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff is held between the top two candidates. The Vice President is elected on the same ticket as the President. Presidents are limited to a single four-year term and Article 191 of the constitution requires candidates to be Colombian by birth and at least thirty years old.

 

Brazil Presidential Election (10/02/2022)

General elections are scheduled to be held in Brazil on 2 October 2022[1] to elect the President, Vice President, and the National Congress. Elections for state Governors and Vice Governors, State Legislative Assemblies, and the Federal District Legislative Chamber will be held at the same time. Under a 2020 ruling by the Superior Electoral Court, political parties must allocate part of their lists and airtime during election campaign to black candidates.[2]

 

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